USMCA

Changes in new value chains in North America.

Castellanos, J. (2020).  Changes in new value chains in North America.. Gerpisa colloquium.

Gerpisa, 2020

Changes in New Value Chains in North America

The decision to make changes in the value chain architecture in North America, in a similar fashion to how it is in the rest of the world, is made by the Board of Directors of the assembly plants. Today in Mexico there are already 14 companies assembling automobiles in the country: two American companies (GM and Ford); four Japanese (Nissan, Honda, Toyota and Mazda); three German (VW, Audi and BMW); one Korean (Kia-Hyundai); two Italian (Chrysler and Fiat) and one Chinese company (JAC), in a joint venture with Inbursa, which is a Mexican company. We’re not unaware that Audi is one of VW’s 12 brands, and that Chrysler and Fiat are the same company, but in both cases, in Mexico, they have been legally registered as separate firms.

The production of these companies, which favors their country of origin, in Mexico, in 2019, can be seen in the following table:

Table 1
Vehicle production in Mexico, 2019, per country (units)

Country
Production (Units)
                %
Japan
1 160 775
31
USA
1 113 748
30
Germany
624 830
17
Italy
560 141
15
Korea
286 600
7
China-Mex
4 747
0
Total
3 750 841
100

Source: www.Inegi.org.mx read more

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