Pays développés

Urban transport policy for promotion of electric vehicles in France

FAURE, A., & Minami S. (2019).  Urban transport policy for promotion of electric vehicles in France. Gerpisa colloquium.

1, Purpose of This research

The purpose of this research is to elucidate trend, institutional and social background of Electrification of Urban transport and Automobile. We will focus on promotion of electric vehicles (EV) in France. Indeed, France has developed an advanced legal system on Transportation and urban mobility planning system through the decentralization of transportation policy. This paper shows an empirical research on French local level of administration. The aim of this study is to explore some good practice implemented by municipalities concerning the Electrification of Urban transport and Automobile. This report is based on 5 case study (Aix-en-Provence, Lyon, Tours, La Rochelle Valenciennes). read more

China in the automotive industry in Mexico: perspectives and challenges in the transition from NAFTA to USMCA

Current Status and Problems of Japanese Automobile Recycling System

Asazuma, Y., Okamoto K., & Togawa K. (2019).  Current Status and Problems of Japanese Automobile Recycling System. Gerpisa colloquium.

Current Status and Problems of Japanese Automobile Recycling System

In Japan, Automobile recycling law introduced in 2005. The background of this policy is to promote proper disposal , to suppress illegal dumping, and to achieve the high rate of automobile recycling. The automobile recycling law was enacted, launching simultaneously the "Japan model" automobile recycling system under the leadership of the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry. Japan's automobile recycling law requires the automakers (and importers) to do the proper treatment of CFC gas , airbags and ASR, with special emphasis given to the recycling of ASR on a business competition basis( Togawa, 2007).
Recently Stats of Japanese recycling system is as follows(JARC, 2019). Now recycling rate is over 99%. The number of processing is 3.3 million in 2017. This number includes the light vehicle (under 660cc). light vehicle was processed 1.4 million in 2017. Light vehicle dismantling market became big gradually. The weight of ASR per one vehicle is 185kg in 2017. The number doesn’t change drastically recently. Average rate of using period of automobile gradually increasing. In 2017, the average is 15.3 years. Now the policy is working well. After introducing, illegal dumping became out of problem. read more

Come for the low wages, stay for the people: Labour relations and the adoption of Industry 4.0 in Japanese automotive plants in CEE

Process of automobile cluster development in India: Case of Maruti Suzuki

Despite their good results, French automakers are imposing wage moderation

French automakers now imposing wage moderation...

February in corporate France is both the month of the presentation of financial results and the month in which management and trade union organisations must close the so-called Négociations Annuelles Obligatoires ("mandatory annual negotiations").
 
Led in the midst of the "yellow vests" social movement in a context where PSA is doing very well and Renault is doing well, one might have expected that after having imposed years of hardship, manufacturers would have given up a little in France and granted the wage increases requested by the unions for 2019.
Indeed, while management is quite happy to grant bonuses that have the great merit of being able to be awarded or not from one year to the next depending on the company's results, and are also exempt from social security contributions, they are reluctant to accept general salary increases.
Conversely, trade unions would like to obtain wage increases that are irreversible and involve an increase in contributions and, therefore, in unemployment or pension rights later.
 
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Malgré leurs bons résultats, les constructeurs français imposent la modération salariale

French automakers now imposing wage moderation...

Février est à la fois le mois de la présentation des résultats financiers et celui où directions et organisations syndicales doivent clore les fameuses NAO (Négociations Annuelles Obligatoires).
 
Conduites en pleine période "gilets jaunes" dans un contexte où PSA se porte très bien et Renault bien, on aurait pu s’attendre à ce qu’après avoir imposé des années de disette les constructeurs lâchent un peu de lest en France et consentent des augmentations de salaires demandées par les syndicats pour 2019.
En effet, alors que les directions consentent assez volontiers à des primes qui ont le grand mérite de pouvoir être ou non distribuées d’une année sur l’autre selon les résultats de l’entreprise et qui sont de surcroît exemptes de cotisations, elles rechignent à des augmentations générales des salaires (AGS).
Inversement, les organisations syndicales aimeraient obtenir des augmentations de salaires qui sont, elles irréversibles et impliquent une augmentation des cotisations et, donc, des droits au chômage ou aux retraites.
 
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Challenges of the less developing region of automobile industry in Japan: A case of the Japanese Tohoku (northern-east) region as the third domestic production base of Toyota

2019: a year of fundamental decisions for carmakers

Disruptive profit strategy : could Detroit mix oil and vinegar ?

The weekly column of Bernard Jullien , former director of Gerpisa, lecturer in economics (University of Bordeaux) and scientific advisor to the Essca Group's Chair of Network Management.

The season of financial results is on this February and most of the world's major automakers are indicating, one after the other, that 2019, as we reckon the years to come, will disappoint shareholders.
 
Only a handful of automakers, such as FCA or GM, have succeeded in improving their results over the year 2018.
FCA nevertheless expects a less promising 2019 financial year. GM has already undertaken a plan to maintain its profit rate in the United States in November, cutting 11,000 jobs. Most of the car manufacturers, like Daimler or Ford, have already seen their results drop in 2018. Ford hopes to do better in 2019 thanks to a fairly drastic restructuring plan for all its activities.
Daimler announced this week that achieving a margin target in the 8 to 10% bracket could not be expected until 2021.
 
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2019 : année des arbitrages fondamentaux pour les constructeurs

Disruptive profit strategy : could Detroit mix oil and vinegar ?

The weekly column of Bernard Jullien , former director of Gerpisa, lecturer in economics (University of Bordeaux) and scientific advisor to the Essca Group's Chair of Network Management.

La saison des présentations de résultats se poursuit en ce mois de février et la plupart des grands constructeurs mondiaux indiquent, les uns après les autres, que 2019, comme les années suivantes sans doute, décevront les actionnaires.
 
Rares sont les constructeurs qui, comme FCA ou GM, ont réussi à améliorer leurs résultats sur l’année 2018.
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Hard Brexit and the car industry

Hard Brexit, take your bets : 7 weeks to go...

The weekly column of Bernard Jullien , former director of Gerpisa, lecturer in economics (University of Bordeaux) and scientific advisor to the Essca Group's Chair of Network Management.

No one had wanted to believe in Brexit and it came. No one wanted to believe in a "no deal" and this is the scenario that is now emerging.
 
It was clear that it was politically important for Brussels to flex muscles and to indicate that opting out would have a cost. 
It was clear that Brexit supporters, on the other hand, were keen on showing that they did not intend to let themselves be reimposed on Brussels standards as part of a deal.
However, it was thought on both sides that reason would eventually prevail and that well-understood interests on both sides of the Channel would lead to a Norwegian-style free-trade agreement. 
The anti-Theresa May vote on 15 January shattered these hopes, which were a reason not to be very actively preparing for a "no-deal". In the automotive industry, as elsewhere, we must take up our calculatoragain and try to understand very quickly what is likely to happen.
 
To this end, a number of statistical realities should be recalled with respect to British motor vehicle foreign trade. 
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Les comptes de la route et les gilets jaunes

Un pavé pour la route
Le 13 décembre, trois jours après les déclarations du Président Macron destinées à montrer aux gilets jaunes qu’il les avait entendus, l’Union Routière de France nous signalait par mail que l’édition 2018 de ses "faits et chiffres" était disponible. 
 
Comme n’ont pas manqué de le noter certains commentateurs avisés, la lecture du document permet de mieux cerner le décalage sur lequel le mécontentement a pu se nourrir. En effet, on y constate que les besoins de mobilité en France sont croissants et que, malgré les efforts faits par les politiques publiques, l’essentiel de ces besoins est satisfait par l’automobile.
 
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