Japon

Toyota et Honda : différents mais solides

Looks like a no-deal

En ce mois de novembre, nous parviennent les résultats financiers des constructeurs japonais pour le premier semestre de leur exercice qui se clôt fin mars. En attendant ceux de Nissan qui ne seront rendus publics que cette semaine, on peut se pencher sur ceux de Toyota et Honda qui révèlent d’ores et déjà l’inégale exposition des uns et des autres au reflux de la demande mondiale qui se précise.
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Toyota et Honda : different but strong

Looks like a no-deal
This November, we receive the financial results of Japanese automakers for the first half of their fiscal year, which ends at the end of March. Awaiting of Nissan, which will only be made public this week, we can look at those of Toyota and Honda, which already reveal the unequal exposure of Japanese carmakers to the decline in global demand that is now taking shape.
 
From this point of view, Toyota impresses by posting increasing volumes, sales and results.
Toyota sold 4.64 million vehicles from April to September, 220,000 more than last year. Its turnover increased by 600 billion yen (almost 5 billion euros), i.e. by 4%, and its operating income by 140 billion yen (1.16 billion euros, +11%). Its operating margin was 8.6% of turnover for the first half of the previous year, compared to 9.2% for the first six months of 2020.
 
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Départ de Bolloré : son management de Renault a plus pesé que ses liens avec Ghosn

Il y a un an, il y a un siècle...

Le feuilleton continue donc et le dernier épisode a été l’éviction brutale de Thierry Bolloré vendredi.
 
Celle-ci est volontiers commentée comme le pendant de celle de Saikawa qui aurait été souhaitée par les Nissan et – supputent certains – consentie par Jean-Dominique Senard pour que le tiercé des candidats à la direction soit mis dans l’ordre qu’il souhaitait voir prévaloir.
Le gouvernement et l’agence des participations d’Etat qui, après avoir souhaité la fusion Renault-Nissan et envisagé d’un bon œil l’opération Renault-FCA, semblent avoir depuis début juin compris enfin que la relance de l’Alliance devait être la priorité donnée à J.-D. Senard aurait validé l’option. L’entreprise serait donc principalement une entreprise de "dé-ghosnisation" du top management des deux entreprises nécessaire à un nouveau départ.
 
Si cette interprétation contient une part de vérité, elle est sans doute un peu courte toutefois.
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Bolloré's lay-off: the way he was managing Renault has weighed in the decision than his links with Ghosn

Il y a un an, il y a un siècle...

The show goes on and the last episode was the brutal eviction of Thierry Bolloré (Renault's CEO) on Friday.
 
This is willingly commented on as the counterpart to Saikawa's which would have been desired by the Nissans and - as some presume - agreed by Jean-Dominique Senard (Renault's Chairman) that the trio of leadership candidates should be put in the order he wanted to see prevail.
The government and the agency of state shareholdings ("APE3: Agence des Participations de l'Etat) which, after having wished for the Renault-Nissan merger and having favourably considered the Renault-FCA operation, seem to have finally understood since the beginning of June that the relaunch of the Alliance should be the priority given to J.-D. Senard would have validated the option. The undertaking would therefore mainly be a process of "de-ghosnisation" of the top management of the two companies necessary for a new start.
 
If this interpretation contains some truth, it is probably a little short, however.
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Public Policies and Ethnic Entrepreneurs Dealing Used Cars and Car Parts from Japan to the Global Market: Focusing on Pakistani and South Asian Transnational Migrants

Fukuda, T. (2019).  Public Policies and Ethnic Entrepreneurs Dealing Used Cars and Car Parts from Japan to the Global Market: Focusing on Pakistani and South Asian Transnational Migrants. Gerpisa colloquium.

Purpose (the outline of the research questions)
There are many migrant entrepreneurs engaged in used cars and used parts trading business in Japan. South Asians including Pakistani are representative actors in these industries. Their markets spread not only inside Japan but also all over the world. Pakistani used car dealers are famous among African, South American and Oceanian markets.
Why are there many Pakistani and South Asian entrepreneurs in this field? The reason is not simple. The multiple factors overlap, such as historical circumstances, political changes, economic trends, transition of legal systems or development of immigration networks. In this paper, we focus on the influences of the public policies of each country. The goal of this paper is to make it clear how Pakistani and South Asian migrants form their own niche markets and expand transnational trading networks, and, in addition, what roles their ethnic ties have in the formation of transnational communities.

Design (Methodology)
Presenter has engaged in research on Pakistani and South Asian migrant communities since 1998, focusing on entrepreneur networks (mainly used car and used parts dealers) in Japan, the UAE, Pakistan and New Zealand. This presentation is based on sociological research including field-works, interviews, participant observations, and other demographic and trade statistic data. lire la suite

Current Status and Problems of Japanese Automobile Recycling System

Asazuma, Y., Okamoto K., & Togawa K. (2019).  Current Status and Problems of Japanese Automobile Recycling System. Gerpisa colloquium.

Current Status and Problems of Japanese Automobile Recycling System

In Japan, Automobile recycling law introduced in 2005. The background of this policy is to promote proper disposal , to suppress illegal dumping, and to achieve the high rate of automobile recycling. The automobile recycling law was enacted, launching simultaneously the "Japan model" automobile recycling system under the leadership of the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry. Japan's automobile recycling law requires the automakers (and importers) to do the proper treatment of CFC gas , airbags and ASR, with special emphasis given to the recycling of ASR on a business competition basis( Togawa, 2007).
Recently Stats of Japanese recycling system is as follows(JARC, 2019). Now recycling rate is over 99%. The number of processing is 3.3 million in 2017. This number includes the light vehicle (under 660cc). light vehicle was processed 1.4 million in 2017. Light vehicle dismantling market became big gradually. The weight of ASR per one vehicle is 185kg in 2017. The number doesn’t change drastically recently. Average rate of using period of automobile gradually increasing. In 2017, the average is 15.3 years. Now the policy is working well. After introducing, illegal dumping became out of problem. lire la suite

Come for the low wages, stay for the people: Labour relations and the adoption of Industry 4.0 in Japanese automotive plants in CEE

Challenges of the less developing region of automobile industry in Japan: A case of the Japanese Tohoku (northern-east) region as the third domestic production base of Toyota

L’autopartage au Japon : Un marché en pleine expansion mais fortement contrasté - Séminaire du GERPISA - Yveline LECLER & Bruno FAIVRE D’ARCIER - 9 mars 2018

Date: 
09/03/2018

Journée du GERPISA n°239 – Yveline LECLER & Bruno FAIVRE D’ARCIER
 
L’autopartage au Japon : Un marché en pleine expansion mais fortement contrasté
 
 
Vendredi 9 mars 2018 (09h00-10h30)
Au CCFA, 2 rue de Presbourg, 75008 Paris (métro et RER Charles de Gaulle Etoile)
 
Intervenants :
Yveline LECLER
Université de Lyon (Sciences-Po Lyon), Institut d’Asie Orientale (ENSL, CNRS UMR 5062)
Bruno FAIVRE D’ARCIER
Université de Lyon (Lyon2), Laboratoire Aménagement, Économie, Transports (CNRS UMR 5593)
Programme
08h45 – accueil
9h00 – 10h30 – présentation par Yveline LECLER & Bruno FAIVRE D’ARCIER, de leur recherche récemment conduite au Japon sur l’autopartage et ses acteurs économiques, puis Q&A avec la salle
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Photo volontairement non sexy pour service bien réel - un million d'utilisateurs

Consolidation au Japon : Après Mitsubishi-Nissan, Toyota et Mazda

L'archipel des constructeurs nippons

Le mois d’août a vu se confirmer un mouvement sensible de consolidation de l’industrie automobile japonaise : libérés de leurs liens avec les constructeurs américains depuis plusieurs années déjà, les "petits" constructeurs japonais que sont Mitsubishi (autrefois lié à GM) et Mazda (autrefois lié à Ford) acceptent de s’inscrire dans des galaxies plus vastes. Dans le cas de Mazda, il s’agit de l’officialisation d’une relation partenariale puisque, comme l’indique Les Echos "Mazda travaille avec Toyota depuis les années 1970"
Elle passe par une prise de participation de Toyota qui acquiert 5% du capital de Mazda pour un montant de 50 milliards de yens (385 millions d'euros), tandis que ce dernier investit à hauteur de 0,25% dans Toyota. Contrairement à ce qui se dessine pour Mitsubishi, l’indépendance des deux constructeurs est préservée mais les domaines de collaboration s’étendent notoirement. lire la suite

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