Federal University of São Carlos (UFSCar)

Who controls the automotive industry? Owners, shareholders and financial institutions

Sacomano Neto, M., do Carmo M. J., Ribeiro E. M. S., & da Cruz W. V. G. (2018).  Who controls the automotive industry? Owners, shareholders and financial institutions. Gerpisa colloquium.

Corporate control is a key topic to understand the dynamics of the contemporary economy and business strategies. Who controls the automotive industry? Recent studies suggest for that the corporate control of automotive firms is increasingly associated with banks and players from the financial system. It implies a significant increase of "financialization" and the role financial institutions in the dynamics and behavior of firms. This paper addresses the extent of influence of financial institutions in the corporate control of automotive companies. In order to understand this subject the paper aims to: 1) analyze the shareholder structure of the largest automobiles companies; 2) analyze the structure and the relations in the corporate ownership network; 3) Identify groups in the corporate ownership network and 4) analyze to what extent organizations depend on financial institutions. From the methodological point of view, the research is descriptive, exploratory, supported by qualitative, quantitative data and by social network analysis. The sample includes the 30th biggest (OICA classification) automakers and their shareholders. The corporate ownership network includes 30 automakers, 348 nodes and 654 connections (among companies, owners and financial institutions). lire la suite

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